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How To Identify The Different Types Of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition which affects nearly one third of the population. This skin ailment is characterized by the formation of red patches with flaky skin along with skin inflammation. Psoriasis is mainly caused due to an autoimmune disorder where the skin cells mature very fast and die off quickly, leaving dead skin flakes on the skin epidermis. Let us now have a look at the various types of psoriasis.

Plaque Psoriasis

The most widespread form of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Thick flakes can occur in several parts of the body. Patches can be small or large and psoriasis can cover the entire body too. Patches usually go by the name lesions or plaques. Even though patches disappear from time to time, this is a chronic skin condition.

Psoriasis can be found anywhere in the body. Elbows, knuckles, trunk, legs, scalp, arms and external sex organs can show psoriasis outbreaks. Itching may be associated with psoriasis and inflammation will be the result due to scratching. Koebner phenomenon describes this condition.

Guttate Psoriasis

Children and young adults are commonly affected by this kind of psoriasis. This condition appears as small red bumps on the skin. This develops suddenly and it is commonly found to be following strep throat infection.

Antibiotics are recommended for this kind of infection. Treatment is available for guttate psoriasis. Many people have experienced guttate psoriasis are often baffled by the sudden appearance and disappearance of this type of psoriasis.

Inverse Psoraisis

Plaque psoriasis without scales is called inverse psoriasis. This condition appears as smooth red patches on the skin folds. Itching is a common symptom of this condition. This usually occurs in genital area folds, armpits and under breasts. Friction in the folds can intensify this condition and redness can spread to other areas as well.

Pustular Psoriasis

Psoriasis can also occur as small pustules with white fluid and red skin around the pustules. This is called pustular psoriasis. Palms and feet soles are commonly affected by this condition. Infection, imbalance in fluid and fever can be the result of pustular psoriasis and it can spread all over the body. This is a severe condition and it requires hospitalization.

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

Bright red skin with extensive scales that are very fine in nature is the symptom of erythrodermic psoriasis. This condition is not localized and it can be found all over the body. This is a very serious psoriasis condition and it requires exclusive dermatological treatments. Fluid loss, protein loss and decline in body temperature can be caused by this condition and if proper treatment is not provided by hospitalizing the affected individual, this condition can become very fatal.


Psoriasis Variations

Palmo – Plantar Psoriasis

Plaque or pustular psoriasis that occurs only in hand palms and feet soles are called by this name due to the localization of lesions.

Scalp

More than 50% of psoriasis patients will be affected by scalp psoriasis. The flaky skin appears on the scalp and this can also extend to forehead, ears and back of the neck. Hair loss is a common symptom of this kind of psoriasis. Scalp psoriasis may or may not extend to other parts of the body. This is also a variation of plaque psoriasis, but it is mild compared to plaque psoriasis.

Nail Psoriasis

About half of the psoriasis patients experience the condition on their nails. Thickening of nail and pits or holes in the nail are the common symptoms. Discoloration resulting in yellow brown nails is also an outbreak of psoriasis. In severe cases, nails can get separated from nail bed totally.